The Abortion Pills: 10 Fact Sheet

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Eleven years ago, you only had one option for a safe and legal abortion – surgical procedure. But in 2000, the FDA in United States has finally approved the use of Mifepristone for medical abortions. Since then, nearly 2.4 million women worldwide have used the approved medication to terminate their unintended pregnancies. Here are some interesting facts about the medical abortion or abortion pills:

For a pregnancy below 9 week, it is safe to consume Mifepristone and Misoprostol at home with a proper dosage. Taking these medicines at the earliest stage is 8 times safer than childbirth. Before considering abortion pills, it is important that you obtain the actual abortion pills and not gastric medicine!

If your pregnancy is above 9 weeks, you will need additional dose to ensure a successful abortion. Delaying pregnancy for an abortion could increase the chance of medical failure and it costs higher. Medical abortion is usually ineffective once your pregnancy reaches above 15 week.

However, it is necessary to conduct an ultrasound before considering an abortion. The purpose of ultrasound is to check the content of the uterus. This includes: possibility of abnormal pregnancy caused by tumor, cyst, ectopic and swollen placenta. Ultrasound could help in safety measures against medical failure.

The entire procedure only takes 2 days. On Day 1, it is normal to experience temporary side effects such as dizziness, skin rashes, nausea or vomiting after taking the Mifepristone. You must avoid vomiting in 1 hour 30 minutes after consuming the pill, otherwise the effectiveness may drop.

On Day 2, you may start consuming another medicine called Misoprostol. This medicine causes you to bleed with cramps like heavy period pains. It usually occurs in a few hours after the first dose, although some women experienced miscarriage a bit earlier. Bleeding and cramps will be on-and-off and it may last for a few hours. This is normal and temporary. You will need to remain calm, get a proper resting place to ensure comfort and privacy, advisable to be accompanied by a reliable person to ease you with basic urgent needs for abortion (food, pads, and warm soaked-towel/bottle).

You will be given some pain-relievers with instruction guide and advice on how to plan for  recovery. Miscarriage usually occurs in a few hours after taking Misoprostol on Day 2.  Since different women has different type of body, it may take quicker or longer. In rare cases, some women had miscarriage a few days after taking Misoprostol.

It is normal to see large blood clots or pregnancy tissues coming out from your vagina during abortion. The size and thickness of the blood clots is determined by the pregnancy stages. For a gestation below 8-9 weeks, there’s no recognizable shape of a baby but you are most likely able to see the sac with a jelly-like tissues. At abortion of 10 week, the formation of a fetus is obvious and about the size of a grape.

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